THE MEGASTRUCTURE AS AN URBAN FRAGMENT

master thesis project, 2016

‘The Megastructure as an Urban Fragment’ was focused on several subsequent topics. Being concentrated on the urban case of the city center of Skopje, the theoretical analysis departed by concluding its contemporary urban reality as a fragmented city. The subject of the research was the urban fragment as a distinct area in the city with a special spatial, historical and social origin, being in the same time a part and a complex urban entity which unifies the housing and other multifaceted functions that the city is offering. The heterogeneity of the fragments were then further recognized through the three types of collective form which Fumihiko Maki points out in his research, with a particular reference on the megastructure as a distinct point of interest in my project. I wanted to revisit the idea of the megastructure whose origin appears in the 60s as a response to the mistakes of the modernism and proposes concepts for an urban frame with diverse functions concentrated in one place with a structural approach towards city planning. In the project proposal I tried to incorporate the theory of master program and master form that F.Maki elaborates, in which he stands for a dynamic approach towards planning, thus overcoming the visual and physical concepts of the single building as a closed compositional system.
The project is dealing with both, the urban and architectural scale. On the urban level the main idea refers to the 1964 masterplan of Kenzo Tange’s whose proposal for the ‘new axis’ was reconsidered by creating an infrastructural link between two important points along the city center’s east-west trajectory, the main square and the central train station. The main concept was to insert a new linear fragment between the existing urban tissue thus creating meaningful relations with different neighborhoods on both sides. On the architectural level the proposal articulated the aspects of flexibility, permeability and dynamics of the public space while creating a possible scenario for a multiprogrammed collective structure.